Saturday, October 15, 2016

Is Umno Sec-gen:holding Najib to ransom ?




written by syed1145





:Najib days are in dark…but with hope  he  shall overcome

beyond the familiar world of aspirational Stupidity of politics



Political calculations Mahathir had got the right read on the state of UMNO today. the infighting would really undermine the party candidates, with opposing camps proving much more injurious than opposition parties:In fact it’s being reported that communication between Najib and Umno secretary-general Tengku Adnan has completely broken down in recent weeks.Thou shouldst not have been old till thou hadst been wise.compared to najib As the battle intensifies between Mahathir and Najib atvigilantism in the backUMNO room Najib must  defuse this ticking time bomb more poweful than C4
makes clear the fact that an atmosphere has been created wherein is not mere suspicion
UMNO secretary-general Tengku Adnan Mansor is a monument to narcissism,just he be the evil twin
Voter can have intriguing effects on election in the wake of an embarrassing revelations
Former Umno Batu Kawan vice-chief Khairuddin Abu Hassan has blasted Tengku Adnan his reverse stings revelations that Tengku Adnan of fabrication not to withdraw his police report. .
Khairuddin in a statement called Tengku Adnan a "liar",   Malaysians need to discover that Tengku Adnan better than what we have come to believe of him.Datuk Khairuddin reveal that Tengku Adnan told him not to withdraw his police report.
also read this Datuk Khairuddin reveal that Tengku Adnan told him not to withdraw his police report

Sometimes, the formidable morphs into the pathetic. For a long time,  with its potent combination of powerful interests seemed to carry such sweeping and overwhelming force that it looked to be above any challenge,


The centre of gravity in any democracy is best measured by the credibility of political parties, an institution that fuses a core Puritan simplicity with a Catholic electoral horizon. There is position, represented by government. There is opposition. The space in between is occupied by debate. Socrates, famously, established democracy’s philosophical principles when he replaced competition with dialogue.In electoral science, statistics are illustrative, interpretation is critical and everything is fluid. Politics is evolutionary, and evolution – even Darwin’s – is a theory, not a fact. No election is an echo of the past, let alone a mirror of the future.
The ever-punctual Comrade Gorbachev, who huffed and puffed so hard that he brought the whole Soviet house down, was once late for a meeting with a French delegation. He explained to his guests that he had been delayed by a problem in agriculture. When did the problem begin, asked the solicitous French. ‘‘In 1917,’’ replied Gorbachev.
Any democracy is hobbled without an Opposition. Are we condemned to replicate Malaysian parliament par at the national level — where a government wheezes, gasps and limps triumphantly to the finish line because there is no other horse in the race?

also readthisNajib saddest moments in politics with Tengku Adnan as the sec-gen Tengku Adnan

Individual dynamics require special circumstances, not to mention the heavy propulsion of hidden political boosters. Mahathir succeeded because he had terribly long arms; he held the PAS by one hand, and the Anwar by the other, while he reinvented himself as an honest politician, sympathetic to Malay concerns. It required too much heavy engineering and the end product was so unstable that it kept Malay politics off-balance for a decade.
History does not repeat itself, but does it imitate itself? The answer will take a while.Umno is unfazed about defectors from their party joining the newly formed Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Bersatu), said Umno secretary-general Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor visibly benumbed shock, the biggest advocates of this game

Conspiracy theorists say it is all a game to enhance a righteous image for Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Bersatu),. about dynasty showing diminishing returns across the political spectrum, “Successful parents give you a head start, but you still have to replenish the talent bank. But since feudal deference in our public life dictates that a mere son can never dream of outshining his father, inevitably the family legacy is jeopardized, ruined by proven corruption, and wracked by a dynasty that has long lost its relevance in a country that is moving on a different agenda, has become a negative stain.”said thuggish Tengku Adnan.

alsoread thisMinister Tengku Adnan is not how high you have reached but the distance you have travelled away from your people


 ‘tail strategy’ has fallen into a tailspin. As ideas go, this had its merits for a party desperate to earn any dividend from  divided opposition parties. Bersatu recognised that UMNO was a spent force, and its only hope lay in becoming an attachment to any party ready to accept it as an appendage. Votaries of this theory must have congratulated themselves with the prospect that if UMNO could lengthen with vindictive, manupulitive, and vengefulUmno secretary-general Tengku Adnan the tail with disparate alliances, one bright morning the tail would become long enough to wag the dog
also this The MCA do not have the courage divorce UMNO.while PAS is begging to join UMNO
The swing voter, who determines the fate of elections, is not interested in whether you are pro-religion or anti-religion; he wants to know whether you are pro-poor or not; whether you understand how the deprived live and have the ability to do something about it; know what a bank account means to a family that has been psychologically unable to cross a bank door,

Monday, October 3, 2016

Can Khalid Abu Bakar solve custodial death in Malaysia or his sandiwara

The Malaysian Bar welcomes the announcement that the Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Khalid Abu Bakar, will head a special committee established to take measures to prevent deaths in police lockups, which will implement frequent visits by doctors and also visits by Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (“SUHAKAM”) Commissioners.  Such measures provide some assurance of the level of seriousness being accorded to the grave issue of deaths in police custody. the protocol prescribed under the Yayasan Bantuan Guaman Kebangsaan (“YBGK”) scheme, which is an initiative made possible by Prime Minister Dato’ Sri Najib Tun Abdul Razak, and supported by the Government, does not appear to have been complied with by the police.  The guidelines for enforcement officers stipulate that as soon as an arrest has been made, and before the suspect is questioned, the police officer must inform the suspect’s family (or friend) of the arrest, and must also provide details of the suspect and the arrest to YBGK, who will then despatch a lawyer to offer legal representation to the arrested person.
The present state of affairs has led to much public outrage and an erosion of confidence in the police.  The police must be proactive in ensuring that the wrongful actions of some amongst them do not tarnish the standing of the whole force.  Unless this is addressed, the police force will unfortunately remain a diminished institution in the eyes of the public.

The Malaysian Bar is dismayed and saddened by the news of yet another death in police custody, involving  Azri Mohamed,

The body of Azri Mohamed, who died while in police custody about two weeks ago, arrived today at the Kuala Lumpur hospital from Kota Baru for a second post-mortem.

The family’s lawyer Raul Lee Bhaskaran told Malaysiakini that they have met with the team of doctors this afternoon. is tragic and inexcusable.  It is yet another incident that raises serious questions about the treatment and safety of detainees in police custody, and the methods of interrogation used.  It underscores the importance of the requirement for those in police custody to have immediate access to legal counsel upon arrest. The unabated deaths in police custody reinforce the Malaysian Bar’s repeated calls for the Government to implement the recommendation of the Royal Commission to Enhance the Operation and Management of the Royal Malaysia Police, in its report published in May 2005, for the setting up of an Independent Police Complaints and Misconduct Commission (“IPCMC”) to function as an independent and external oversight body to investigate complaints about police personnel.

It is untenable for the Government to continue to ignore the dire need for the IPCMC, in the face of continuing cases of deaths in police custodyThe findings point to several police personnel including senior police officers being involved, not least in a conspiracy to cover up police responsibility for his death. This is completely unacceptable and the perpetrators must be held accountable for their actions.

The report details the extensive violations of existing rules and regulations that characterised this case, including:the use of brutal violence on a detainee during interrogation,false entries into the station diary of lockup D9, including tampering of times in the entries,
false information in a police report about the death of the deceased,
serious misconduct in ordering the re-arrest of the deceased without justification (the deceased should have been released at the end of the first remand),an eight-day delay in allowing the right of the deceased to contact and have access to his family,
the CCTV in lockup D9 not being in working order since 2009,
a lack of knowledge or awareness of standard operating procedures among officers and police personnel, and
overcrowding in the lockup (more than four people). At times, there were between six and 16 people in the lockup.
The lack of integrity, respect or even knowledge of rules and procedures shown by certain police personnel is shocking and has to be dealt with by the authorities if we are to have any confidence in the system.
 Azri Mohamed death in custody is not an isolated incident. It is yet another example which leaves Malaysians wondering about what really goes on in lockups or interrogation sessions during remand. Malaysians cannot be blamed if we are asking why rules and regulations are not adhered to and why some police officers can apparently behave like thugs and not be brought to justice.

We should have a police force which we are proud of, not one which leaves us shaking our heads in despair. The current situation and public perception about the police force does a great injustice to the police officers who work hard and are themselves law abiding.

The home ministry must work with the Royal Malaysian Police to reign in rogue police officers. These police officers must be investigated, charged, convicted and imprisoned if we are to see an end to deaths in police custody.

Strong recommendations have been made by the EAIC concerning the treatment of detainees, facilities in lockups and the need for police training and adherence to standard operating procedures – not only in Dharmendran’s case but also in their investigations into other deaths in custody. It is high time the home ministry take stock of these recommendations and ensure their implementation.

As a sign of a commitment towards ending deaths in custody, be they in police lockups, detention centres or prisons, the Malaysian government would do well to also ratify the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT).

This treaty outlines specific measures for governments to take in order to prevent any form of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment within its borders.

It is obvious that the government needs some heavy prodding to move in this direction – to change the present culture in the police force where some police officers can act with chilling impunity. This culture has to be challenged if we are to provide the basic right to protection for all and bring an end to deaths in police custody.

Justice may be delayed, but it can never be denied

the Supreme Court rejected the death sentence passed by the High Court on the grounds that there was no proof that the one-armed psychopath who assaulted her first threw her out of a moving train.
The judges reportedly relied on the testimony of two passengers in an adjacent compartment that Soumya had jumped out. One has to assume that the passengers in the adjacent compartment did not see Soumya being assaulted and therefore did not intervene. If the passengers in the adjacent compartment did not see Soumya being assaulted, the logical question could be asked how they could testify that she jumped out of the moving train and was not pushed out by the rapist.
rape-BCCL
If the passengers of the adjacent compartment had intervened, a terrified Sowmya would not have been thrown out or jumped out of the moving train. It is a bit like saying that terrorists of the 9/11 variety who set fire to a skyscraper or a multi-storeyed building are not responsible for the deaths of those who jump out of the windows to escape the flames.
If the decisions of not just ministers but judges can be queried, there is a question which could be asked in the case of Soumya. If the accused with one arm is strong enough to overpower a young woman and be adjudged guilty of rape, it could also be assumed that he is strong enough to throw her out of a moving train. Or should the Indian Railways advertise that young women should not travel alone in a compartment unless there is 24-by-7 CCTV to show a passenger physically being thrown out of the moving train.
In the second case, the Supreme Court had, according to media reports, held on September 16 that the rape and killing of a 7-year-old in the year 2011 did not come under the category of the rarest of rare cases requiring a death sentence.
The judges sentenced him to 25 years in jail and stated that life imprisonment of 14 years would not be sufficient punishment. The sentence of 25 years, the judges added, would help convicts in getting rid of the death penalty in appropriate cases while taking care of the genuine concerns of the victim and society.
The judges who held that the rape and killing of a 7-year-old is not the rarest of rare cases could perhaps remember that the overwhelming majority of their countrymen are not hardened psychotic criminals and would be shocked out of their senses at the assault and killing of a young child.
It is not just ministers who are accountable to the people they serve. So is the judiciary.
Those who are assaulted and killed are usually members of the economically weaker sections who cannot afford their own transport. Hence crimes against the economically weaker sections and their young children are more common and are statistically not the rarest of rare cases.
However, if the rape and killing of a 7-year-old is not judicially considered the rarest of rare case, this could lead to a perception among the economically weaker and vulnerable sections that the more elite classes (which includes not just ministers and policymakers but also senior judges) are distanced from them and just does not empathize with their problems.

Every good drama needs a few sub-plots whirling through the mainframe. The most captivating within our current political theatre is surely the joust that is odd that the government should have chosen law and order as its final alibi after some exhausting self-laceration in its search for a credible explanation for the escape of a criminal Najib
The only initiative worth taking is one that will yield positive results. If one embarks on a destructive course of action, it will be oneself that suffers. Therefore, one should steer clear of such actions, as any sensible person steers clear of destroying his own life.No charges will be brought against Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak based on the investigations carried out by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission


will stink for ten thousand years
Corrupt political leadership does not attractive men of outstanding integrity; neither can it be expected to enact effective laws to maintain high integrity in government. That truism has practically reduced our options to only one – a change of political leadership. That is, if we are still serious about restoring the rule of law and the pursuit of excellence for the country.The general logic doesn’t apply to AG. When others take refuge in opacity, we are justified in suspecting that they are hiding corruption. But when AG chanbers wrap themselves in a veil of secrecy, we have to take it that they are actually doing so for our good, so that they are not distracted by allegations of corruption against themselves.One way of coming to terms with this distinction is to re-adopt the outdated notion that king could do no wrong. Going by his logic,  does seem to suggest some such blanket immunity to  attorney-general Mohamed Apandi Ali

 The Supreme Court on Friday read out the riot act to Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury for not vacating the sprawling ministerial bungalow in New Moti Bagh in south Delhi and ordered him to shift out without further fuss.
Coming out strongly against the malady of overstaying by elected representatives and public servants in government accommodation, a bench of Chief Justice T S Thakur and Justices A K Sikri and R Banumathi said, "You vacate immediately. You must find an alternative temporary accommodation. You cannot grab this government accommodation. You have no legal right to stay in a house to which you have no entitlement."
also read this
The scope of the Attorney-General’s powers in these institutions, there is still the question of integrity of the key office-  of police and director general of ACA. It is often said that one may have the best laws in the world, but if we have crooks to implement them, the good laws may come to nothing attorney-general Mohamed Apandi Ali the predator, not protector do not seem to comply with internationally accepted standards for managing conflict of interest in cases

We just don’t seem to get it. The normal standards of accountability don’t apply to a,g We are unable to grasp their argument that, much as it is desirable in other institutions, transparency in the judiciary will compromise its independence, a larger constitutional value. Hence, we persist with the folly of expecting A.G chamber to be swept away by the wave of transparency triggered Justice is blind because it needs to be;a form of bastardised justice.
Corruption is a way of life in Maklaysia and AG chambers part of it  are den of corruption. But they are kept above board for unknown reasons. They should be accountable for what they do. Right now rules at various levels protect them undeservedly.fullstoryAG must be arrested for harbouring a criminal Najib


Appearing for the Congress leader, advocate Bijan Ghosh said the government had violated the MP's human rights by disconnecting electricity and water connection to the house. "A person has some human rights and the government must be directed to respect it," he said.
But the court said, "There is some propriety also. You must vacate. You have already overstayed in the house for nearly two years without entitlement. You cannot grab this house. Your paying the house rent is no consideration to permit you to illegally occupy the house."
When Ghosh said there were several others who were overstaying and termed it as a "practice", the bench said, "It is a malpractice that elected representatives overstay in the official bungalows."The MP had cried foul over the government's move to evict him from the Type-8 house, generally allotted to Union ministers. He had termed the action "political vendetta" while the Delhi High Court refused to entertain his petition seeking stay of his eviction.
Chowdhury, a Lok Sabha member, had moved the division bench of the HC against the February 1 order of the single bench's order dismissing his plea against the eviction, following which the authorities had disconnected water and power supply to his bungalow at 14, New Moti Bagh.
As a member of Lok Sabha, he is entitled to a Type-6 house. He was allotted alternative accommodation at C-1/99, Moti Bagh by the house committee of Lok Sabha in January, 2015 which he has not accepted.
Chowdhury is not alone in overstaying in government accommodation. The problem was so widespread that the SC entertained a petition on this and heard it for close to a decade before giving out several rulings.
In the final ruling on July 6, 2013, the SC had ruled that ministers and elected representatives in unauthorized occupation of government bungalows, or illegally overstaying in it, would face breach of privilege proceedings in Parliament.
 Sonia and RaGa are already culprits

Knowing the spread of the malady of unauthorized occupation in all branches of governance -- legislature, executive and judiciary -- the SC had set an example by being unsparing on judges of the SC and high courts and said they must vacate government accommodation within a month of retirement.
For other government servants, it said the department concerned would intimate them about vacation of government quarters three months prior to their retirement. If they didn't heed the notice, they could find their pension reduced in addition to the ignominy of being forcibly evicted.
With the judgment issuing a series of guidelines, the court brought to an end the decade-long

Sunday, September 25, 2016

Democracy the fabric of propriety and justice.



Judges are meant to serve the people, criticising judges is not a crime In a democracy the people are supreme and all authorities, whether Prime Minister or  Ministers,judges, legislators, bureaucrats, police, army and so on are servants of the people. Since the people are the masters and judges their servants, the people have a right to criticise judges just as a master has the right to criticise his servant.kes are rising like never before. In an earlier age the democracies of the day went about their business of apparently being led by the wishes of the people while in fact working within a highly regulated framework that did not leave too much to chance. The political discourse emphasized a restrained and formal practice of democracy; the process was governed by a tight set of protocols and rules, and was presided over with a comprehensive system of checks and balances. Politics was a formally enacted costume drama, much as was the case with the judiciary, and came bound with the fabric of propriety and justice.
Over the years, across the world and particularly in India, while much of the structure of politics remains intact, there has been a sea change in the culture of politics as it is practiced on the ground. Every element in the mix has grown a little murkier, the interests of each having got intertwined, and politics has become an entrenched system that is highly resistant to challenge. The language of politics too has coarsened significantly, and there is a lot of anger going around, resulting in political choices that seemed to be very unlikely just a few years back. Social media, by giving voice to the millions who were earlier forced only to listen, has deepened democratic participation while simultaneously enabling a shallower political discourse.
The public has been urged not to make unfounded criticisms on the judiciary through the social media as this will undermine the administration, Chief Justice Arifin Zakaria said today. is incorrect, totally unacceptable in a democracy, and violates the freedom of speech guaranteed by Article Constitution of Malaysia
Anwar's imprisonment a aggravated pimping in Malaysian Judiaciary 
 John Malott's comment 'a damning indictment on the sad state' of the court.  is what is meant by an objective, factual and logical analysis of the facts of the case.
Astrologers remain in high demand no matter how often they are proved wrong. That’s true of the media too.  Those who failed to analyse or predict voter behaviour before  were holding forth the next day on the implications for future elections. widely seen as strong leaders who will end the old corrupt politics and deliver good governance. as alpha males who act swiftly and decisively (and so are also called authoritarian and dictatorial are crowd pleasers and charismatic spinners of dreams. But the media has highlighted their many differences much more than their similarities.Many analysts have tried to fit their election analyses into their old ideological frameworks. Some claim the poor have triumphed, But the media has highlighted their many differences much more than their similarities.It is a damning indictment on the sad state of the highest court in the land whose reputation, professionalism, competence and integrity has been compromised, so as to make it a laughing stock of the judicial world.It clearly reflects the sad state of affairs of this minority government clinging to power by orchestrating the false conviction of the leading opposition figure of the country.Najib"Can you name one foreign government, one international human rights organisation, one international newspaper, one foreign think-tank, or one overseas academician who agrees with the decision - and who concurs with your assertion that the verdict was the just conclusion of an independan independent judiciary?"  Najib confided that it was God who had ordained 
 the ugly corruption of  Attorney-general (AG) Abdul Gani Patail office
"What was the motive for closing two eyes on Altantuya's murderers?", "How did the government use a gambling kingpin to assist in securing the security of our country?", and "Why was a senior minister asking the Malays to boycott only Chinese traders?"no action taken  former prime minister Dr Mahathir Mahathir is doing a pretty good job on his own in keeping the pressure on 1Mlaysia Development Bhd (1MDB).
There is a comforting if untested notion that all this a part of an evolutionary process, and that things will improve with time. The digital world is new, and as of now, a wild unregulated space, without adequate safeguards and requisite social conventions, including a reward and punishment system. This, it can be argued, will inevitably become more rule-bound, as we discover the costs of our freedoms, and some of rabid beaviour on display will get toned down. The rise of populist leaders who feed on anxiety and create divisions have existed before, but history tells us that these are almost always transient phases, a periodic itch that societies scratch furiously, but briefly.
The question is, left to ourselves, will democracies move towards greater individual freedoms and away from divisions based on religion, race and ethnicity? As the hold of the elite weakens, does the politics of democracy becoming a purer version of itself or does it get attracted to its baser side? This is a very big bet to make. Is the emergence of a more populist and strident form of leadership a pointer to our destination, or is it part of our learning curve?
There is enough reason to be pessimistic. Structurally, media- which determines how we see the world by making it visible to us in a particular way, is geared to heighten polarities. Social media resembles an arena where warring tribes engage in relentless hostilities, with ever escalating rancor. The state is increasingly intolerant when it comes to dissent – surveillance and pre-emptive action is on the rise and NGOs worldwide are under pressure. Media, the market and politics are all pointing in the same direction. Each increasingly privileges the desires of people and caters uncritically to these. The big ideas that defined democracies- equality, justice, freedom of expression are all under attack- not from non-democratic forces but from the instruments and processes that are highly democratic.
The effect of media can be imagined in another way too. Theorist Tom Pettit proposed that the last 500 years have been what he termed as the Gutenberg Parenthesis, that began with Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press and continued till the advent of the Internet, which he argues represents a return to a more oral consciousness. The authority of the printed word represented at its pinnacle in the form of the book, is eroding as more oral codes of communication are gaining dominance. We are ‘going forward to the past’ in terms of media and its impact on society. While Pettit sees this as an overthrow of the tyranny of structure as imposed by formalized ideas of knowledge, his formulation could be used to imagine other possibilities.
At its most basic level, the era of print made knowledge more easily accessible and freely circulated. It helped shape a common currency of ideas, some of which were privileged as shared ideals that society must aspire to. The culture fostered by the print world emphasized rationality and logic. It also alienated human beings from the world that they lived in, but this detachment helped foster many of the ideals that have propelled liberal thought. The coming of television and now the internet has meant that we have returned in some form to our oral roots.
If we were to accept this axis of analysis, then it could be argued that liberalism and the idea of modernity that drives it is not an inevitable progression based on the human instinct for freedom, but a development contingent on what the dominant media form of the time is.
To reduce complex social and political phenomena to a single variable is rarely meaningful or useful, but in this case, it poses a question that is both provocative and plausible. The question in effect is whether progressive liberal ideals were an accident of media; an interruption that is now petering out. Recent events of the world might not be part of a cycle, but be indicative of a longer term shift towards a more tribal consciousness. It is too soon to imagine what kind of changes lie in store, for the codes of a digitally powered society are still in the process of being formed. But liberalism as we know it might not merely be under attack, but might possibly not survive the changes that we are seeing. The ideals that democracies take for granted might be up for negotiation, not merely for now but for good. It is not a comforting thought, which is why it is worth thinking about.To the five judges,a sadomasochistic “romantic chew on the above statement, and isn't it a slap on your faces? drawing gobsmacked audiences, but the transcripts of the DSAI Judgement, perhaps, make for far more interesting reading.saw his political career crash spectacularly when he was accused of sexually assaulting readmore Anwar's imprisonment the five judges and Shafee Haramjadah God’s chosen messenger for an independent judiciary?

the government should have chosen law and order as its final alibi


The law is clear: nobody should be deprived of his personal liberty without the due process of law. Once the investigating agency files its complaint or charge sheet in the court after conducting an investigation and the court takes cognisance and issues process, it is the court that is ‘in-charge’.
The agency can’t then arrest a person against whom the court has already taken cognisance and issued process — who was not arrested during investigation — without obtaining prior permission of the court. The decision of the Punjab and Haryana High Court in ‘Arun Kumar Sharma v. Union of India’ (August 22) has merely reaffirmed this settled position of law. That may be the reason that when it was challenged, the Supreme Court declined to interfere.
Having said that, FTIL founder Jignesh Shah was granted bail by the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) court on the merits of his case. The Enforcement Directorate’s (ED) argument that the earlier complaint against him was for his role as the non-executive vice-chairman of NSEL, while it had now initiated fresh investigation against him in his capacity as FTIL chairman, did not find favour with the court.
JigneshShah-BCCL
The ED could not produce any material to substantiate such a stand. Besides, for the same NSEL matter, Shah had already undergone 108 days of custody and was granted bail by a detailed order of the Bombay High Court, which was confirmed by the Supreme Court. The high court had observed that no ‘money trail’ was found against Shah. Even the ED was unable to trace any ‘money trail’ to him.
The traders who lost money while trading on NSEL’s exchange platform have every right to recover it from their trading counterparties: the defaulters against whom the entire money trail has been traced. Had the traders and government agencies joined forces with the exchange to single-mindedly focus on recovering the lost amount from the 22 defaulters (seven of whom owe 85 per cent of the outstanding), things could have been different.
Instead, the entire focus of the traders and agencies has been to take action against the exchange, its directors and promoters, despite knowing that not a single dodgy paisa has been found on them. Such a misdirected approach has allowed the defaulters to stay below the radar and laugh their way to the bank. Still, better late than never. The traders and government agencies should join forces with the exchange and pursue the defaulters to ensure that they refund the amount.
On the one hand, traders claim that because of the alleged fraud, the by-laws of NSEL are not binding. On the other hand, they say that the exchange is liable because it was the ‘counterparty’ under its by-laws. The latest being that NSEL was running a ‘collective investment scheme’ as defined by Sebi.
It is, however, important to realise that courts go by hard facts. A media trial may look tempting in the short term. But ultimately, the scales of justice will balance out and truth will prevail.

Every good drama needs a few sub-plots whirling through the mainframe. The most captivating within our current political theatre is surely the joust that is odd that  after some exhausting self-laceration in its search for a credible explanation for the escape of a criminal Najib
The only initiative worth taking is one that will yield positive results. If one embarks on a destructive course of action, it will be oneself that suffers. Therefore, one should steer clear of such actions, as any sensible person steers clear of destroying his own life.No charges will be brought against Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak based on the investigations carried out by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission

Justice may be delayed, but it can never be denied
[Crew_Toilets_-_Shinkoku_Maru.jpg]
will stink for ten thousand years
Corrupt political leadership does not attractive men of outstanding integrity; neither can it be expected to enact effective laws to maintain high integrity in government. That truism has practically reduced our options to only one – a change of political leadership. That is, if we are still serious about restoring the rule of law and the pursuit of excellence for the country.The general logic doesn’t apply to AG. When others take refuge in opacity, we are justified in suspecting that they are hiding corruption. But when AG chanbers wrap themselves in a veil of secrecy, we have to take it that they are actually doing so for our good, so that they are not distracted by allegations of corruption against themselves.One way of coming to terms with this distinction is to re-adopt the outdated notion that king could do no wrong. Going by his logic,  does seem to suggest some such blanket immunity to  attorney-general Mohamed Apandi Ali

 The Supreme Court on Friday read out the riot act to Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury for not vacating the sprawling ministerial bungalow in New Moti Bagh in south Delhi and ordered him to shift out without further fuss.
Coming out strongly against the malady of overstaying by elected representatives and public servants in government accommodation, a bench of Chief Justice T S Thakur and Justices A K Sikri and R Banumathi said, "You vacate immediately. You must find an alternative temporary accommodation. You cannot grab this government accommodation. You have no legal right to stay in a house to which you have no entitlement."
also read this
The scope of the Attorney-General’s powers in these institutions, there is still the question of integrity of the key office-  of police and director general of ACA. It is often said that one may have the best laws in the world, but if we have crooks to implement them, the good laws may come to nothing attorney-general Mohamed Apandi Ali the predator, not protector do not seem to comply with internationally accepted standards for managing conflict of interest in cases

We just don’t seem to get it. The normal standards of accountability don’t apply to a,g We are unable to grasp their argument that, much as it is desirable in other institutions, transparency in the judiciary will compromise its independence, a larger constitutional value. Hence, we persist with the folly of expecting A.G chamber to be swept away by the wave of transparency triggered Justice is blind because it needs to be;a form of bastardised justice.
Corruption is a way of life in Maklaysia and AG chambers part of it  are den of corruption. But they are kept above board for unknown reasons. They should be accountable for what they do. Right now rules at various levels protect them undeservedly.fullstoryAG must be arrested for harbouring a criminal Najib


Appearing for the Congress leader, advocate Bijan Ghosh said the government had violated the MP's human rights by disconnecting electricity and water connection to the house. "A person has some human rights and the government must be directed to respect it," he said.
But the court said, "There is some propriety also. You must vacate. You have already overstayed in the house for nearly two years without entitlement. You cannot grab this house. Your paying the house rent is no consideration to permit you to illegally occupy the house."
When Ghosh said there were several others who were overstaying and termed it as a "practice", the bench said, "It is a malpractice that elected representatives overstay in the official bungalows."The MP had cried foul over the government's move to evict him from the Type-8 house, generally allotted to Union ministers. He had termed the action "political vendetta" while the Delhi High Court refused to entertain his petition seeking stay of his eviction.
Chowdhury, a Lok Sabha member, had moved the division bench of the HC against the February 1 order of the single bench's order dismissing his plea against the eviction, following which the authorities had disconnected water and power supply to his bungalow at 14, New Moti Bagh.
As a member of Lok Sabha, he is entitled to a Type-6 house. He was allotted alternative accommodation at C-1/99, Moti Bagh by the house committee of Lok Sabha in January, 2015 which he has not accepted.
Chowdhury is not alone in overstaying in government accommodation. The problem was so widespread that the SC entertained a petition on this and heard it for close to a decade before giving out several rulings.
In the final ruling on July 6, 2013, the SC had ruled that ministers and elected representatives in unauthorized occupation of government bungalows, or illegally overstaying in it, would face breach of privilege proceedings in Parliament.
 Sonia and RaGa are already culprits

Knowing the spread of the malady of unauthorized occupation in all branches of governance -- legislature, executive and judiciary -- the SC had set an example by being unsparing on judges of the SC and high courts and said they must vacate government accommodation within a month of retirement.
For other government servants, it said the department concerned would intimate them about vacation of government quarters three months prior to their retirement. If they didn't heed the notice, they could find their pension reduced in addition to the ignominy of being forcibly evicted.
With the judgment issuing a series of guidelines, the court brought to an end the decade-long 

Cybersecurity: Play the forward defence a weapon system has been severely compromised.

Amidst the rush to find solutions in technology for all of the world’s problems, we often find ourselves facing an avalanche of arguments on the lines of ‘let’s roll the technology and we can discuss policy, law impact on humanity later’; ‘let the next billion come online first’.
Given the strong potential for our country’s digital economy policies to have effects beyond its borders, here are points for best practices to help harness the full potential of internet openness:
1. Use of federated services that maximise participation and minimise centralisation.
2. Always use software that everybody can copy, modify and share. Use the community to train people.
3. Not talk about technical education using vendor names such as access-to-knowledge via a platform company and online education websites as they aren’t technical education but brand slaves.
4. Whether we like it or not, internet’s default is the US First Amendment and what we risk is moving to a world where speech is stifled and internet shutdowns become norms. There has to be in-built respect for free speech and expression and other crucial human rights without which we can only pretend to achieve the full potential of the net.
internet-security-BCCL
5. Transparency in trade negotiations that are increasingly covering access to – knowledge, data sharing, information flow in secrecy, creating multiple layers of regulations that lead to a different fragmentation. The opaqueness of such arrangements not only create uncertainty but take away voices of users.
6. Increased use of encryption for intelligent conversations around data security, shunning the belief that math will work differently for the good and the bad guys.
7. Data localisation demands by multiple jurisdictions emerge from tax complications because of the multi-national nature of platform companies.
8. Mandate net neutrality, equality and integrity with a complete prohibition on ways of creating winners and losers by telecom service providers in the guise of zero-rated platforms, sponsored data that increase the barriers of entry to market.
9. Encourage open-data practices in all government dealings including public contracting, company ownership, spending and corporate tax records, and inter alia other details.
10. Recognise that the intellectual property rights regime is not an end in itself, and its affect on access-to-knowledge and sharing-of-data has consequences rarely discussed in forums dealing with internet issues.
11. Strengthen regulatory landscape around competition in countries; toothless anti-trust regulations that fail to check most powerful companies and their alliances are one of the biggest threats to openness.
12. Abandon using the term ‘multi-stakeholderism’ while paying only lip-service to independent voices or risk being rejected by people all around the world as a result of internet-powered communications. They use these tools to bring revolutions and will no longer subscribe to empty rhetoric.
13. Ensure affordable and non-discriminatory internet. Inclusive participation means having diverse voices especially from all places and strata with effective remote and national level participation.
14. In the age when AI is becoming a reality, retrofit Isaac Asimov’s ‘Three Laws of Robotics’ to AI efforts.
A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
A robot must obey orders given by human beings except where such orders will conflict with first law.
A robot must protect its own existence as long as it does not conflict with the first or second law

SouthpoleThe Supreme Court’s decision in March 24, 2015 to scrap Section 66A of the Information Technology Act, in the wake of a series of instances of the law being misused by the police and government, came as a relief to many. The decision has had a negative impact too, say police.
They say that the absence of a dedicated law to address issues of cyber bullying and abuse is posing a major challenge. With the cyber-crime wing in the Chennai city police commissioner’s office receiving an average of eight to 10 complaints on social media abuse per day, complaints are piling up by the day due to lack of dedicated legislation under which offenders could be booked.
“As we have limited powers, we advise the complainants to quit social media instead of taking legal action against the abuser,” said a police officer.
T K Sonia, who works with a television news channel, says she is constantly trolled by cyber bullies and stalked online. “Although I filed a complaint at the cyber-crime wing of the police, my complaint has been lying unaddressed for more than five months now,” Sonia said.
In some cases, police are booking offenders under IPC sections 507 (criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication) and 509 (word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman). If a post contains any form of obscenity, police register a case under the sections 67 or 67-A of Information Technology Act, 2000 of IPC.
“We also book suspects under Section 4 of Prevention of Women Harassment Act 2002,” said a police officer in city police. “Many of the cases do not come under the purview of the sections we book them under. The courts in many instances have dismissed such cases citing them as ‘vague’, letting the accused free on bail,” he added.
The fact that many abusers and cyber bullies operate from foreign countries makes the job all the more difficult for the police. In regard to offensive posts on Facebook and Twitter, police write to admin heads of the social networking sites (based abroad), requesting them to remove posts.
Suspects in many instances rubbish allegations and come out with their own version of the case. For instance while T K Sonia had filed complaints against @Selvaarocky, @mayavi, @lorrykaran, @david alleging they had used offensive language against her in their posts, David in his defence said he has known Sonia for four years and has never posted any vulgar comments on her twitter account.
“While most men take comments posted in social media sportively, women become abusive while reacting to it. And when they lose the argument, they tend to play the victim and file complaints against the men. The fact is they equally abuse the men on the same forum, but no one talks about that,” David said.
The confusion of how to differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate makes things easy for offenders, who despite being complained about continue abusing women on social networking sites.
There have been cases where pictures of women have been morphed to produce nude images. “Many women left social media after being targeted by perverts who morphed profile picture of users into nude pictures and uploaded them on several websites,” said senior journalist Kavitha Muralidharan. A target was actress Madonna Sebastian.
“To put an end to this menace of trolling and misusing the internet, the central and the state governments should formulate a new bill to book abusers,” said Madras high court lawyer S Elambharathi.
“The Tamil Nadu government has been a pioneer in formulating many laws like anti-ragging law and another for cyber bullying should not be a problem,” he added.
The Australian newspaper published a report regarding a massive cybersecurity breach. It related to the specifications of the Scorpène-class submarine that India is buying from the French defence manufacturing company, DCNS.
The leaked documents, going up to 4,457 pages, deal with sensitive operational and technical aspects of the Scorpène, such as its stealth capabilities, frequencies used to collect intelligence, technical specifications of its torpedo launch and combat systems, how deep it can dive and for how long, etc. This leak means that the effectiveness of the Scorpène as a weapon system has been severely compromised.


New Delhi is blaming DCNS for the security breach. But its denials must not be accepted at face value. The Indian government has, in the past, not levelled with its people on such hackings of their ‘secure’ computer systems. In March 2010, Union communications minister Sachin Pilot told reporters that government networks had been attacked by China, but “not one attempt has been successful”. This was despite the fact that for nearly a year prior to Pilot’s assertion, a US-Canadian team of cyber spy-hunters had been tracking the activities of a cyber-espionage network based in the Sichuan province of China. Its main target was India. Cyber spy-hunters, most from Toronto University, informed New Delhi of this theft. They were also able to re-pilfer some of these documents from computers of Sichuan-based cybercriminals. Later, in June 2010, these academics published their findings in a report, ‘Shadows in the Cloud’ (goo.gl/zPuySD).
This report again reinforced that weak security at one group can result in the theft of confidential information from another organisation. This is why experts find it so hard to determine the original source of the cyberspying.
In the context of the 2010 data theft, this means that either Sachin Pilot was deliberately making misleading statements, or that the Internet security software or firewall used by the Indian defence ministry was inadequate or out of date, or possibly both. Hence, Indian cybersecurity experts could not detect the breach. In the context of the Scorpène leakage, it means that both India and France will be able to blame each other for the data theft without providing conclusive proof. It is because of this fact that China, widely believed to be the most-prominent player in the field of cyberhacking, is able to strongly refute such accusations.
India Lags
Symantec, the manufacturer of the Norton antivirus and firewall software, ranked India in its 2015 Internet Security Threat Report second on a list of countries targeted the most by cybercriminals. The reason: inadequate Internet security.
Last year, the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) published a report, eCyber Maturity in the Asia.Pacific Region 2015f (goo.gl/H5g09r).
The report attempts to assess the various facets of cyber capabilities of 20 countries: 19 countries in the Asia-Pacific region and the United States (used as a benchmark).
In the ASPI report, India scores 4 out of 10 on each of the following four critical aspects of cybersecurity: ¡ Does it have an organisational structure for cyber matters, including policy, security, critical infrastructure protection?
¡Does it have a publicly accessible cybersecurity assistance service, say, computer emergency response teams? ¡Does it have a cybercrime centre? Does it enforce financial cybercrime laws?
¡ What is the militaryfs role in cyberspace, cyber-policy and cybersecurity? While China scored 8, 6, 5 and 8 respectively, for Japan and Singapore, the scores were 8, 10, 8, 7 and 9, 7, 7, 8. Indiafs overall weighted cyber-maturity ranking was 50, below that of Brunei (51), comparing poorly in weighted ranking with countries like Australia (79.9), New Zealand (72.8), Japan (85.1), China (64), Malaysia (68.3), Singapore (81.8) and South Korea (82.8).
In fact, in data protection, China is light years ahead of India, as was evident by the fact that China launched the worldfs first quantum satellite early this month to build an eunhackablef system of encrypted digital communication.
Poor Record
India has a poor record in protecting its digital data. This is because Internet security is still seen by government and businesses as an expenditure and not investment in future prosperity.
According to South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Internet security expenditure comprises 2-5% of India’s total IT budget. The same figure for developed countries is 8-10%. This means that India fails to attract the best people and innovation takes a backseat.

India aspires to be a global power, a global force in computer software and hardware developments, a hub for advanced manufacturing systems. Sadly, these aspirations cannot be realised unless both the Indian government and India Inc. appreciate the significance of installing and maintaining an up-to-date and state-of-theart Internet security infrastructure..



Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Najib’s obduracy:Mohd Apandi's idiocracy and the untouchable Low Taek Jho



This is the strategic dilemma of Najib: if war is not a policy objective, what options, including pre-emptive, are we left with? Conversely, the enemy can be sanguine that Najib will respond only when provoked by formal war.

There is good reason to believe that in Malaysia today, obnoxiousness is a legitimate virtue, made particularly attractive by the fact being good at it involves arresting one’s mental and emotional development at the age of four. One gets to throw tantrums, grab at whatever one wants, believe that one is the centre of the universe, make inflated promises and break them without second thought, and above all call other people horrible names all the time. All this, far from making you universally despised and shunned


With the Attorney General (Gani Patail ) on the verge of filing an arrest warrant last July against Najib, the Prime Minister fired him, replacing him with an UMNO lackey named Mohamed Apandi Ali, who promptly cleared Najib of all wrongdoing.Attorney-general Mohd Apandi Ali agreed with Najib and decided not to press charges against the prime minister after an investigation.


Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak’s family friend Low Taek Jho had supposedly handled Najib’s personal bank accounts at AmBank, according to a report by The Wall Street Journal (WSJ).

The report said Low had repeatedly emphasised the sensitivity of the bank accounts and stressed the need for secrecy.

He had reportedly even forbidden AmBank from sending the credit card statements linked to the accounts to the prime minister’s residence.

“Don’t let people outside the bank or more than a few people inside know about the accounts, he instructed. Use Gmail, not the bank’s email system, for communication. Whatever you do, don’t send credit-card statements to the prime minister’s house,” according to the WSJ report, which listed the purported do’s and don’ts from Low, who is widely known as Jho Low.

“‘No no no’ and 'Super sensitive'," Low wrote, according to transcripts of BlackBerry messages reviewed by WSJ.

“He instead had someone collect the statements by hand,” said the report published this morning.

Malaysiakini is unable to independently verify the report.

The report referred to purported transcripts between the Penang-born tycoon and an AmBank banker who acted as the main point-of-contact on matters concerning the accounts. Another senior AmBank executive supposedly handled the accounts personally.

Low had supposedly stressed that it is very important that no one but the two of them should get a hold of the bank statements.

“Cause if it gets on Internet where funds were from then headache,” Low supposedly said.

The messages also supposedly discussed how to deal with the then Bank Negara governor Zeti Akhtar Aziz (photo), in case she raises concerns about the 1MDB-related transactions.

In such an event, the senior AmBank executive is supposedly to see her and “let her know this is boss request”, which the WSJ claimed refers to Najib.

Najib had previously been accused of pocketing hundreds of millions of dollars in 1MDB funds, through intermediaries, into his personal bank accounts at AmBank.

However, he said he has done no wrong and described the transactions into his accounts as donations from a Saudi prince.

Attorney-general Mohd Apandi Ali agreed with Najib and decided not to press charges against the prime minister after an investigation.

Malaysiakini has contacted Najib’s press secretary for comment on today’s WSJ report and is awaiting a response.

'Najib had written over 500 cheques'

According to the report, Low’s lawyer declined to comment on the matter, as did AmBank and its two bankers supposedly involved in dealing with Low and Najib’s bank account. Zeti also reportedly declined to comment.

The report claimed that bank documents show Najib had written over 500 cheques out of accounts supposedly funded through 1MDB, totalling US$400 million.

It said that based on the documents and the message transcripts, the account was running short on funds at one point and this prompted fears that a bounced cheque could draw regulatory attention.

Low then arranged for US$4 million in cash to be deposited in Najib’s account to avoid this, it claimed.

The WSJ also reported that investigators believe someone in Low’s entourage had been crafting letters to vouch the transactions into Najib’s accounts as gifts or donations, citing unnamed sources said to be familiar with investigations in two countries.

It said one such letter, dated Feb 1, 2011, was signed by Saudi prince Saud Abdulaziz Majid al Saud and was sent to Bank Negara.

It vouched for US$100 million as a reward for Malaysia’s promotion of Islam, and “should not in any event be construed as an act of corruption".



This is called bravery. This is called courage. This is called conviction.’

Read m


1MDB’s Chairman of the Advisory Board and Malaysia’s Scandal ridden Finance Minister
Corrupt and incompetent leaders have a long history of being protected and facilitated by corrupt politicians. So she tries to do something about it. There has never been a more important time for right-thinking students from all races to stand with her.“It’s next to impossible for a Malaysian – especially non businessmen – to open an account in the UK or Europe for children staying there,” said one. “Now, over the past several weeks, even Singapore, where you could walk in and open an account, has tightened screws and a Malaysian would have to jump through fifty hoops to open one.”Although Malaysian politicians and government officials remain in full denial of reality over a US Justice Department investigation of massive fraud involving Prime Minister Najib Razak and his family, local and international bankers are not.The bankers are trying to digest the implications of a downgrade by Fitch Ratings in late July of  long-term foreign and local currency issuer default ratings for Petronas, Malaysia’s state-owned energy conglomerate, from A to A minus. That followed a downgrade of the government’s IDRs themselves on July 12 from A to A minus.
In a statement, Fitch said that while Petronas continues to maintain a strong credit profile, the Petronas IDRs are constrained by the Malaysian government’s own IDRs. An issuer default rating is a measure of credit risk, defined by the threat of an entity’s becoming defunct or entering into a variety of legal proceedings from bankruptcy to administration, receivership, liquidation or other formal winding-up procedures.“The downgrade will certainly worry bankers especially, all for the right reasons because how much more blue-chip can you get than Petronas?” asked a Malaysian businessman who asked not to be named.  Another source pointed out that Petronas is usually higher ranked than sovereign IDRs “so what does it all mean for the broader economy?”
Both described a global financial system that is tightening informally on Malaysian international depositors as bankers apparently grow increasingly distrustful. However, other than a bland report of the Fitch action, there has been no reporting in the local press of the implications of the report.“It’s next to impossible for a Malaysian – especially non businessmen – to open an account in the UK or Europe for children staying there,” said one. “Now, over the past several weeks, even Singapore, where you could walk in and open an account, has tightened screws and a Malaysian would have to jump through fifty hoops to open one.”In addition to uncertainty generated by the US Justice Department probe, other investigations are going on in Singapore, Switzerland, the UK, France, Luxembourg and other countries into the scandal, involving the state-backed 1Malaysia Development Bhd., which was founded in 2009 and which has fallen into a river of red ink even without the scandal.

On August. 15, for instance, the Swiss Federal Prosecutor’s Department sent letters to several banks, including BSI, whose Singapore office was ordered closed over money-laundering connected to 1MDB, naming Tarek Obaid, a shareholder and former director of PetroSaudi International a middle eastern oil exploration firm which received hundreds of millions of dollars from 1MDB. The letter named Tarek as an individual presently under investigation over the scandal.Earlier the Swiss Attorney General issued a statement saying as much as US$4 billion had been laundered out of 1MDB into Swiss banks by unnamed individuals.The Swiss officials are said to be seeking information about Obaid’s involvement in dealings between PetroSaudi and 1MDB. The investigation reportedly is focused on four other officials, two from 1MDB and two from an entity called Aabar Investments, which is believed to have diverted hundreds of millions of US dollars from 1MDB into a British Virgin Islands entity with a nearly identical name.In April, because of that controversy 1MDB defaulted on US$1.75 billion bond it issued in 2012 after missing a US$50 million interest payment in a dispute with an Abu Dhabi guarantor. However, the government has since settled the dispute.  It has also sold off millions of dollars of 1MDB assets to Chinese interests and reportedly is trying to settle a vastly overpriced rail contract with the Chinese to use the funds to pay off 1MDB debt.On July 20, the US filed lawsuits in federal court that, while they did not name Najib, instead referred to “Malaysian Official 1,” alleging among a wide range of money laundering and other criminal and fraudulent activities that US$681 million from a 2013 bond sale by 1MDB had been transferred into the premier’s personal bank account.
Civil lawsuits alleged that a total of US$2.5 billion had been stolen from 1MDB and poured into a wide range of questionable activities including funding the blockbuster movie The Wolf of Wall Street, produced by Najib’s stepson Riza Aziz, the founder of Red Granite Pictures, as well as into luxury real estate in Los Angeles and New York and multimillion dollar paintings by Vincent van Gogh and Claude Monet. Jho Taek Low, a young Penang-born financier and close friend of Najib and Riza Aziz were named in the suit.Najib, however, has gone on television to say that “what was done by the DOJ recently does not involve me, or the Malaysian government, or 1MDB directly….This is not a criminal suit, but a civil suit… but it has been politicized by certain enemies.”Although he has continued to insist that he is blameless, last year he acknowledged that US$681 million – the amount specified by the Justice Department – had been deposited in his personal accounts at Ambank in Kuala Lumpur in 2013.Almost immediately after the US Justice Department in Washington, DC, the Prime Minister’s Office in Putrajaya issued an astonishing statement saying that “Malaysian authorities have led the way in investigations into 1MDB. The company has been the subject of multiple investigations within Malaysia, including by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, Auditor General and bi-partisan Public Accounts Committee.”In fact, as has been universally reported everywhere but in Malaysia’s kept press, officials have sought to thwart every single domestic attempt to bring an investigation into activities surrounding 1MDB.A long list of surrogates has taken to the media to insist on the Prime Minister’s innocence and to accuse the US government of not seeking to get Malaysia’s side of the story.  Others have flatly accused the United States, which considers Malaysia one of its most important allies in Southeast Asia, of attempting to bring down the government for unknown reasons.Shortly after the announcement of the civil charges in Washington, DC, a United Malays National Organization youth chief filed a police report accusing the former central bank governor Dr. Zeti Akhtar Aziz; former Attorney-General Abdul Gani Patail and outgoing Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Chief Abu Kassim Mohamed of giving the US government falsified documents in the attempt to bring down Najib.

also read thisNajib knew of the plot Cobra sting planned by Dr Mahathir Mohamad,